Politique Internationale - La Revue n°98 - HIVER - 2003

sommaire du n° 98
Entretien avec Horst Köhler
Directeur général du Fonds monétaire international (FMI) depuis mars 2000
conduit par
Xavier Harel
Journaliste au service international de La Tribune
en français
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en français

Horst Köhler was appointed head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in March 2000, facing a difficult situation right from day one. The former president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has had to deal with massive demonstrations and sharp criticism, notably from Joseph Stiglitz, winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics. In a lengthy interview with Xavier Harel Mr. Köhler responds to his detractors and explains his current policy. He recognises that the IMF has made mistakes, but believes they have enabled it to advance. Its experts now recognise that the introduction of a free market economy must be a progressive process. They are aware that in the past, the IMF imposed conditions on countries seeking loans that were both too complex and too numerous. Horst Köhler is now seeking to change these practices. He calls for a "non-dogmatic" approach that recognises the importance of public institutions in building a free market economy.

Notes :

(1) Joseph Stiglitz, La grande désillusion (Globalization and its Discontents), Fayard, 2002. Se reporter également au long entretien accordé par Joseph Stiglitz à Politique Internationale, no 97, automne 2002, pp. 9-22.